The Genitive takes no prefix or suffix, hut is placed after the governing word. Thus
yoS fcw0, a tail, o]_ F<> a fish; yD 8 v\ hang p&> a fish's tail ; £[8 nm, hand, os$
mew, he, ^8 o<;$ mw man, his hand.
Other prefixes and suffixes used to indicate cases are the following. A line follow-
ing a word indicates a prefix. When two words are separated by a line, it indicates that
the noun is placed between them ;
tl - , H—nwft, to,
\itk - , \uk - mat, from.
"hang- - , to, for.
an - , with, by means of.
tang - , withs together with,
Adjectives.— These do not change lor gender. They follow the nouns they qualify.
Thus 0^*5 <;§ \dn nl3 a good (nZ) man Particles Indicating number or case are
appended to the last word.
The Comparative is formed by prefixing khen\ more, to the adjective, and adding
mai or fam*8hil. Thus, —
ko» §,-nai wiai \.on a-naw" khen than
man this than man that more olds
i.e., that man (is) older than this man.
bit &n Men you l&m-shi
boat which more large than that,
i.e 3 a boat which is Larger than that.
To form the Superlative we say * more than all ', as in Men yau lum-$Jii iang-mung,
larger than all, largest. Sometimes tl is prefixed to tang-mting, as khen yau him ft
The Numerals are given in the list of words. All are pronounced with the rising
tone except lung, one , sM3 four ; ha, five ; shaw, twenty. The following are not in the
list of words : 988 hcngt a thousand ; <^<S mm, ten thousand ; oSj^ shen> a hundred
The figures are,—
0 1; J 2; 9 3; 9 -1 ; 0 3, S 6; \ 7, O 8; 6 9; 0 0.
c^S ^tl%, one, is usually written ^JT.
Generic words can be added to numerals, as in Ahom. Mr. Needham's grammar
gives twelve common ones. We may mention oj8 Jco, used when counting human
beings; oqS to, used when counting animals ; and &><$ aw (? straightforward tone),
used in counting things generally.
-------------------------*•-••—^•^•oaa^a»M««»m«iiB«»ii ,t. » !.•!••.•—
11 regxat that I do not know the tonfis of Men or of lum>»hi.